No, the two are unrelated. Blood grouping is done and is matched if possible, but Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) is more important. The volume of blood transfused is small and ABO (blood type) mismatch is not usually a problem, but there are protocols for preparing ABO mismatched units1.
At present, the odds that a person will have a stem cell transplant for blood or blood related disorder, either from their own cells or from a donor before age 20 are about 1 in 1700, whereas by age 70 the odds are 1 in 200. However, this data does not reflect potential therapies using stem cells that may be developed in the future2.